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Salami Publication

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) On Salami Publications

·       What is a salami publication?

A salami publication refers to the practice of dividing a single research project into multiple smaller publications, often with overlapping or redundant content, in order to increase the number of publications from a single study.

Example:- Suppose a Pediatrician has done a study on febrile seizures. The study was conducted as a single study but after the study is over if he published them as independent papers like

       1.    Clinical Features in children with febrile seizures.

       2.    EEG findings in Febrile Seizures.

       3.    Neuroimaging Findings in Febrile Seizures.

       4.    Outcome of children with Febrile Seizures.

       5.    Management of Children with Febrile Seizures

So and so forth. Then all these publications will be considered as salami publications and it is considered as an unethical academic practice. 



·       Why do researchers engage in salami publication?

Researchers may engage in salami publication to increase their publication count, improve their academic profile, or increase their chances of securing research funding or academic positions. In context certain research papers are necessary for promotions and hence the scholars may indulge into salami publication of thesis.

·       Is salami publication considered unethical in the scientific community?

Yes, salami publication is generally considered unethical in the scientific community. It can lead to a dilution of scientific knowledge and a waste of resources, as multiple papers may present the same findings. Moreover, a comprehensive study on all aspects of a particular disease is better than multiple papers on same subject.

·       What are the potential consequences of engaging in salami publication?

Consequences may include damage to one’s reputation, loss of credibility, rejection of manuscripts by journals, and even disciplinary actions by academic institutions or funding agencies.

 ·       How can researchers avoid unintentional salami publication?

Researchers should carefully plan their research projects to ensure that the results can be presented as a cohesive and comprehensive paper. They should avoid dividing their work into multiple small publications if it doesn’t serve a genuine scientific purpose.

·       Are there instances where multiple publications from a single research project are acceptable?

Yes, multiple publications can be acceptable if each publication offers a unique and substantial contribution to the scientific field. However, it should be made clear how each paper differs from the others.

·       How can journals and peer reviewers identify salami publication?

Journals and peer reviewers can look for redundancies in content, overlapping data, or a lack of substantial differences between multiple papers from the same research project.

·       What steps can journals take to discourage salami publication?

Journals can implement policies that require authors to disclose related publications, and they can scrutinize submissions to identify and reject instances of salami publication. Ethical guidelines and editorials can also raise awareness of the issue.

·       What are some alternatives to salami publication for researchers looking to showcase their work?

Researchers can consider publishing comprehensive research papers, review articles, or presenting their findings at conferences. Collaborating with other researchers on multidisciplinary projects can also lead to more substantial publications.

·       Are there any resources or organizations that promote responsible publishing practices?

Yes, several organizations and initiatives, such as the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT), provide guidelines and resources to promote responsible publishing practices and discourage salami publication.



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There are many methods of sample size determination. It is one of the first hurdle when someone starts writing a thesis. I have tried to give simplest way of determination of sample size. You need to show the method to your PG teacher before you include this method in your thesis. First confirm from your PG teacher and then only proceed.

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